Avalanche Forecast

Issued: Apr 19th, 2024 4:00PM

The alpine rating is moderate, the treeline rating is moderate, and the below treeline rating is low. Known problems include Persistent Slabs and Loose Wet.

Avalanche Canada jsmith, Avalanche Canada


Large persistent slab avalanches may remain possible to human trigger on steep slopes at treeline and above.

Avoid steep or convex slopes where triggering slabs is more likely.




Avalanche Summary

Several naturally triggered wet loose avalanches up to size 1.5 were reported on sunny aspects on Thursday.

Snowpack Summary

Dry, settled snow is found on shaded aspects in the alpine. A hard melt-freeze crust exists on the snow surface on sun-exposed slopes to the mountain tops and on all aspects below treeline. The crust will transition to wet snow with daytime warming and re-freeze at night.

50 to 100 cm of snow overlies a hard melt-freeze crust from early April. The overlying snow is slow to bond to the crust where pockets of weak surface hoar or faceted grains rest on the crust, which is most likely on northerly aspects at treeline and alpine elevations.

Weather Summary

Friday night

Clear skies. 20 to 30 km/h southeast ridgetop wind. Treeline temperature around -3 °C. Freezing level 500 m.


Sunny. 20 to 30 km/h southeast ridgetop wind. Treeline temperature +2 °C. Freezing level 1700 m.


Mix of sun and cloud. 10 to 20 km/h west ridgetop wind. Treeline temperature +1 °C. Freezing level 1500 m.


Mix of sun and cloud. 10 to 20 km/h southwest ridgetop wind. Treeline temperature +1 °C. Freezing level 1500 m.

Check out the Mountain Weather Forecast for additional weather information.

More details can be found in the Mountain Weather Forecast.

Terrain and Travel Advice

  • Be aware of the potential for surprisingly large avalanches due to deeply buried weak layers.
  • Choose conservative terrain and watch for clues of instability.
  • Look for signs of instability: whumphing, hollow sounds, shooting cracks, and recent avalanches.
  • Pay attention to cornices and give them a wide berth when traveling on or below ridges.
  • Back off slopes as the surface becomes moist or wet with rising temperatures.


Persistent Slabs

An icon showing Persistent Slabs

A weak layer of facets and/or surface hoar is buried 50 to 100 cm deep. It is most prominent on terrain features sheltered from the wind. Where this layer exists, it remains possible for the weight of a person or machine to trigger it.

Aspects: All aspects.

Elevations: Alpine, Treeline.



Expected Size

1.5 - 2.5

Loose Wet

An icon showing Loose Wet

Naturally triggered wet loose avalanches may occur in steep terrain during the heat of the day. Cornices also weaken and could release naturally. These could step-down to deeper layers, resulting in large avalanches.

Aspects: East, South East, South, South West, West.

Elevations: Alpine, Treeline.



Expected Size

1 - 1.5

Valid until: Apr 20th, 2024 4:00PM