Avalanche Forecast

Issued: Apr 14th, 2023 4:00PM

The alpine rating is moderate, the treeline rating is moderate, and the below treeline rating is low. Known problems include Loose Wet and Deep Persistent Slabs.

Avalanche Canada bchristie, Avalanche Canada

Avoid steep slopes that are getting baked in the sun, and use extra caution in thin, rocky start zones.

Expect variable snowpack conditions as we transition from winter to spring.




Avalanche Summary

On Thursday, our South Rockies field team was out in the Mear Lake area, and they saw numerous, small (size 1-1.5), naturally triggered wet loose avalanches on steep, sunny slopes at treeline and above. See their MIN (Mountain Information Network) post here for more details.

Avalanches from earlier in the week are being reported as visibility improves, and people venture into the backcountry after the storm. As expected, there appears to have been a widespread avalanche cycle, with numerous large (size 2) and some larger (size 3) avalanches. Mostly storm slabs in the alpine, and wet loose at treeline and below.

A few avalanches likely started as storm slabs in the alpine, or just below a ridge, picked up loose wet snow, kept moving over dirt in some places, and ran down well into treeline, covering lower elevation hiking trails or forest roads.

If you head out in the backcountry, let us know what you are seeing by submitting a report to the Mountain Information Network.

Snowpack Summary

Dynamic spring weather has resulted in variable snow surface conditions. A wet storm earlier in the week soaked the upper snowpack. Cold overnight temperatures have turned this moist snow into a frozen crust, except in areas where dry snow covered and insulated it.

The mid snowpack is generally settled and strong, except in areas with snow depths less than 150 cm. In these lower snow areas, the mid-pack is likely weaker and more faceted.

Below treeline, expect to find moist or refrozen surfaces, and a shrinking snowpack that is isothermal during the heat of the day.

The lower snowpack includes a layer of large, weak facets and/or depth hoar crystals.

Weather Summary

Friday Night

Mostly clear. No new snow expected. Freezing level variable through the region, valley bottom to 1500 m. Treeline low between -3°C and -8°C. Light southwest ridgetop wind.


Mostly sunny. No new snow expected. Freezing level rising to 2100 m. Treeline high around 1°C. Light southwest ridgetop wind.


Mostly cloudy. 0-5 cm of snow expected in the alpine. Freezing level at 1500 m overnight, rising to 2000 m. Light southwest ridgetop wind, trending to strong at high elevations.


Cloudy overnight with 5-10 cm of snow expected in the western half of the forecast area. Mostly sunny through the day. Snow/rain line at valley bottom overnight, daytime treeline high around -2°C.

More details can be found in the Mountain Weather Forecast.

Terrain and Travel Advice

  • Watch for unstable snow on specific terrain features, especially when the snow is moist or wet.
  • Even brief periods of direct sun could produce natural avalanches.
  • Be alert to conditions that change throughout the day.
  • Avoid thin areas like rock outcroppings where you're most likely to trigger avalanches failing on deep weak layers.


Loose Wet

An icon showing Loose Wet

During periods of daytime warming and sunshine, expect the surface snow to be unstable on slopes that face the sun.

A wet storm added a lot of moisture and heat to the upper snowpack earlier this week.

If you see signs of loose wet instability, like snow that feels like a slurpy, or clumps up and pinwheels down a slope, move to less steep and more shaded terrain.

Aspects: South East, South, South West, West.

Elevations: Alpine, Treeline.



Expected Size

1 - 2

Deep Persistent Slabs

An icon showing Deep Persistent Slabs

The base of the snowpack remains weak. Avoid thin, rocky start zones and shallow areas with variable snowpack depths.

Aspects: All aspects.

Elevations: Alpine, Treeline.


Unlikely - Possible

Expected Size

2 - 4

Valid until: Apr 15th, 2023 4:00PM