Avalanche Forecast

Issued: Jan 10th, 2024 4:00PM

The alpine rating is considerable, the treeline rating is considerable, and the below treeline rating is moderate. Known problems include Storm Slabs and Deep Persistent Slabs.

Avalanche Canada cgarritty, Avalanche Canada


The arctic air is arriving. Dial back trip plans to easier, shorter trips and watch for unusual wind loading patterns from north winds. See our Forecasters' Blog for more on managing the cold.




Avalanche Summary

Tuesday was likely a busy day for natural and human-triggerable avalanches as moderate to heavy snowfall and elevated winds affected the region.

A size 2 (large) deep persistent slab was triggered from a 20 m distance in the Clemina alpine on Sunday on a NE aspect. It was 70 cm deep, failing at the base of the snowpack. This highlights the problematic basal snowpack structure in the region.

Aspects lee to north winds are a concern for the most recent or new wind slab formation.

Snowpack Summary

Roughly 30-40 cm of new snow fell in the region Monday night through Tuesday. It buried moderately wind-affected snow in exposed areas at elevation and otherwise added to about 50 cm of recent storm snow.

All this snow collectively overlies a variety of old surfaces, but sheltered terrain where it may overlie preserved surface hoar is the most concerning. It overlies a crust below about 1600 m.

Two additional surface hoar layers in the top 2 m of the snowpack are diminishing in importance. The deeper of the two likely has a robust crust above it below treeline.

The depth of the snowpack varies greatly throughout the region and weak basal facets are present at the base of the snowpack.

Weather Summary

Wednesday night

Clearing, still mainly cloudy. Northwest alpine wind 5-15 km/h. Treeline temperature -16°C.


Mainly sunny or thin overcast. Northeast wind 10-25 km/h, increasing overnight. Treeline temperature -29°C.


Sunny. North Alpine wind 5-10 km/h. Treeline temperature -30°C to -35°C.


Sunny. Variable alpine wind 5-10 km/h. Treeline temperature -30°C to -35°C.

More details can be found in the Mountain Weather Forecast.

Terrain and Travel Advice

  • Wind slabs are most reactive during their formation.
  • Carefully assess open slopes and convex rolls where buried surface hoar may be preserved.
  • Avoid shallow, rocky areas where the snowpack transitions from thick to thin.
  • Be aware of the potential for loose avalanches in steep terrain where snow hasn't formed a slab.


Storm Slabs

An icon showing Storm Slabs

Watch for signs of slab formation in the new snow, particularly in wind-affected areas and where buried surface hoar could be preserved (think sheltered openings at mid elevations).

Aspects: All aspects.

Elevations: All elevations.


Possible - Likely

Expected Size

1 - 2.5

Deep Persistent Slabs

An icon showing Deep Persistent Slabs

Basal facets remain a real concern in steep, rocky terrain and other alpine features with thin-to-thick snowpack transitions. Recent avalanche activity tells us this problem is still lurking out there.

Aspects: All aspects.

Elevations: Alpine.


Unlikely - Possible

Expected Size

2 - 3

Valid until: Jan 11th, 2024 4:00PM